Women in Military History 2023
The past 50 years has seen a great many firsts for women in the U.S. Military, with many more barriers and ceilings to be pushed through and eclipsed. All Services, except the Marine Corps, have promoted a woman to 4-Stars, with the Coast Guard being the first of the Services to have a female Service Chief, Commandant Admiral Linda Fagan.
Since this nation’s infancy, women have played vital roles in shaping this nation and the U.S. military. During this month, we ask for a moment to reflect upon the contributions women have made and celebrate their many accomplishments.
At the infancy of this nation, though not able to openly serve in the US Military, numerous women served on the battlefield, in supporting roles, like carrying water. During the Revolutionary
War, inspired by different combat actions of these water bearers, they became a composite folk hero, infamously referred to as “Molly Pitcher”. Some, like Margaret Corbin and Deborah Sampson served as soldiers in the Continental Army, on the front lines, by disguising themselves as men.
Over the next 240 years, civil and equal rights for women opened the doors and expanded opportunities for women in the military. WWI, would be the first time women (who still could not vote), were allowed to serve openly in the U.S. Military. The Navy enlisted approximately 12,000
“Yeomanettes”, to fill non-combatant personnel gaps. WWII saw more of the same roles for women, but was the first time enlisted women served in all U.S. military branches.
During the Korean War positive change continued, when the Women’s Armed Services Integration Act officially allowed women to serve as full and permanent members of the U.S. military. Not truly a full equality statute, it also limited women to 2% for each service; they could not command men; nor serve in combat roles; and required automatic discharge for pregnancy. This 2% limitation was finally repealed in 1967, during the Vietnam War, along with breaking the promotion glass ceiling, by allowing women to be promoted to General and Flag Officer ranks. The first women flag and general officers of the Sea Services:
- 1972: USN, Rear Admiral Alene B. Duerk, NC
- 1978: USMC, Brigadier General Margaret A. Brewer
- 2000: USCG, Rear Admiral Vivien S. Crea
The next major battlefront for equality was to open all jobs to women, including combat arms. During the Gulf War, more than 40,000 women served in combat zones, although still not able to serve in direct combat. Inching closer in 1994, all positions, except for direct ground combat were opened to women. In 2015, all restrictions to women in combat were finally lifted, as well.
Women have served this nation’s military, officially and unofficially, since its humble beginnings. Their service and contributions remain an essential element of this nation’s success. The National Naval Officers Association, Inc. proudly salutes the military service and sacrifice of these outstanding and pioneering women.
Renew your mind. March 2023
Do not conform to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve what God’s will is—his good, pleasing and perfect will.
Currently in the Christian faith, we are in a season known as Lent. Lent is historically a mourning period as we anticipate the death of Jesus. It begins 46 days prior to Easter on a Wednesday known as Ash Wednesday because during Biblical times wearing ashes was a sign of mourning. Ash Wednesday is preceded by Shrove Tuesday, which is known as Fat Tuesday or Mardi Gras. Mardi Gras represents the final party and indulgence of our flesh before we enter the mourning and self-denial period of Lent.
During Lent we are encouraged to fast and pray as we prepare for the death of Jesus. Christians are also encouraged to be more intentional in our studies and devotions. Lent ends on or around Easter, depending on your tradition. Most people give up certain foods, television, social media, or music. While others commit to reading the Bible faithfully or volunteering more during Lent.
While Lent may be a traditionally Christian observation, the principles of fasting and self-denial can be applied to anyone. We can all benefit from a period of abstaining from unhealthy habits, addictions, and distractions to focus and gain clarity on our life’s direction. During this time of Lent, I encourage all to stop and think about the things distracting us and use this period to refrain from them. Take the next 40 days to focus on an area that needs improvement and see how much you have changed by the end. The results will amaze you!
FOR THE LOVE OF JUSTICE MEMORIAL 5K Run/Walk
The Empowering Justice Charitable Foundation at Central Carolina Community Foundation will host its annual FOR THE LOVE OF JUSTICE MEMORIAL 5K Run/Walk and Kid’s Fun Run on Sunday, March 26, 2023, at 2 pm.
We run in memory of 1st LT Justice R. Stewart, a fallen United States Marine Corps officer who had a giving heart, a selfless soul, an infectious laugh, and a heartwarming smile. 1st LT Stewart was a daughter, a sister, a niece, a cousin, a friend, and a Marine. She was artistic, confident, and ambitious, setting goals years in advance. 1st LT Stewart tragically lost her life while she was on a run. We run for her. Every time our foot hits the pavement, it is symbolic of a heartbeat, bringing life into the memories that 1st LT Stewart left behind to share with the world.
Check out our 2022 Highlight Video – For the Love of Justice 5K