703.828.7308 PAO@nnoa.org

How will that happen?

I was born in Birmingham, Alabama, 100 years from the beginning of the American Civil War and five generations removed from slavery.

Our Heritage: Slavery and More

For the United States, slavery remains an albatross: from 1619, when 20 African slaves arrived in Jamestown, Virginia, through the profound words of the Declaration of Independence in 1776, that “All men are created equal”; and on to the war that began April 12, 1861.The nation slaughtered itself over the question of slavery: 620,000 dead; our worst-ever toll of casualties. On the other hand, many slaves were freed for the first time in American history, although their unfulfilled promise of 40 acres of land and a mule made it pseudo-freedom at best.

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